Christopher Trevelyan © King-
The Indian Army on campaign 1900-
Subedar Kifayat Ullah IDSM, 32nd Mtn.Battery
Subadar Banta Singh, 7th Mtn.Battery
Subadar Alam Khan OBI, IOM, Guides Infantry
Jemadar Shah Wali Khan, 3rd Sappers & Miners
Jemadar Ilam Din, 67th Punjabis
Subadar Gird Ali, 106th Pioneers
Subadar Chatra Ram IDSM, 2/113th Infantry
Khan Bahadur Sher Jang, Survey of India
Subadar Binda Singh, 128th Pioneers -
Hon. Capt. Sub.-
Sardar Bahadur, OBI, IOM.
39th (Maymyo) Mountain Battery
Courtesy of Mr. Badar Kabeer
Muhammad Ismail joined the Indian Army on 9th November 1886. He would quickly see field service in thick and dangerous jungle with the Indian Mountain Artillery during the Lushai Campaign and then Burma, earning the 1854 India General Service Medal with two clasps.
By 1897, Muhammad Ismail had been promoted to Havildar-
The guns continued to fire under the orders of Nos.1 until their ammunition
was expended. The carriage mule of No.3 gun was wounded, so Havildar Nihal Singh
and a naik and gunner carried the load to the relief line, 170 yards away. No.4 gun
somersaulted twice, but was picked up and went on firing; two lanyards also broke
at this gun, but the detachment under Naik Sharaf Ali carried on. When limbering
up, the gun mule was wounded and bolter; then the gun was carried to the relief by
The gunners of the 6th Battery remained in action until the relief force
was finally in a position on safety later in the day. For his gallantry and devotion
to duty at Maizar, Havildar-
On 22nd October 1900, Muhammad Ismail was promoted to Jemadar. As a junior
Indian Officer, he took part in operations in the Aden interior during the 1903-
On 1st December 1910, Muhammad Ismail was promoted to Subedar-
Full Medal Entitlement
Order of British India 1st Class
Indian Order of Merit, 2nd Class
1854 India General Service Medal with clasps 'Burma 1885-
1895 India General Service Medal with clasp 'Punjab Frontier 1897-
1911 Delhi Durbar Medal
British War Medal 1914-
Victory Medal 1914-
1935 Coronation & 1936 Jubilee Medals
Royal Victorian Medal
Subadar Kifayat Ullah, IDSM
32nd (Poonch) Mountain Battery
Courtesy of Mr.Badar Kabeer
The son of Hon.Captain Subedar-
After much waiting, the 32rd Mountain Battery finally received orders to proceed
overseas to Palestine in April 1918. It was at once re-
The 32nd and 39th were brigaded with the 29th Mountain Batteries into the 10th Indian Mountain Artillery Brigade under the command of Lt.Col.A.M.Colville. The three Batteries would not serve together long however, for in preparation for General Allenby's September Offensive, the 39th Battery was removed from the Brigade to be attached to the 53rd Division. The HQ and the two remaining Batteries were then attached to Chaytor's Force; a mobile mixed cavalry force on the far right of the British position.
On 19th September 1918, Allenby's offensive began. All along the line Turkish resistance quickly crumbled. During the ensuing advance, 'Chaytor's Force' received orders to cut off the Turkish retreat from Amman. As part of this action, on 25th September, the 32nd Battery went into action, and had "some shooting on trenches from a covered position, and the F.O.O. knocked out some machine guns, but the affair was soon over"¹. For this action, Jemadar Kifayat Ullah was awarded the Indian Distinguished Service Medal. The remainder of the campaign for the 32nd would be a series of long, hard, and hot marches under the most trying of conditions. It would remain in the Holy Land until December 1920, when it returned to Jutogh, India.
Kifayat Ullah would continue to service in the Indian Army for a brief period
longer including service on the North-
¹ The History of the Indian Mountain Artillery by Brig.Gen.Graham
Full Medal Entitlement
Indian Distinguished Service Medal
1911 Delhi Durbar Medal
British War Medal 1914-
Victory Medal 1914-
1908 India General Service Medal with Waziristan 1921-
Subadar Alam Khan, OBI, IOM 1st Class
Queen’s Own Corps of Guides Infantry
Courtesy of the Dr.Tim Moreman Collection
Alam Khan, a Ghilzai Pathan, enlisted in the Queen Victoria’s Own Corps
of Guides Infantry, part of the elite Punjab Frontier Force, as a Sepoy on 19th April
1886 and served with this unit during in the Hazara Campaign in 1891 and in 1895
during the Relief of Chitral. In July 1897 the then Havildar Alam Khan took part
in the famous 32-
The Queen’s Own Corps of Guides Infantry formed part of the Malakand Field
Force, commanded by Major-
The Guides Infantry saw no further major action on the North-
The 1st Battalion Queen’s Own Corps of Guides remained on the North-
Full Medal Entitlement
Order of British India 1st Class
Indian Order of Merit, 1st Class
1854 India General Service Medal with clasp 'Hazara 1891'
1895 India General Service Medal with clasps 'Relief of Chitral 1895', 'Malakand
1897' and 'Punjab Frontier 1897-
1908 India General Service Medal with clasp North West Frontier 1908' [pictured above]
British War Medal 1914-
Victory Medal with MID emblem
French 'Croix de Guerre'
Subadar Banta Singh
7th (Bengal) Mountain Battery
Courtesy of the Dr.Tim Moreman collection
Banta Singh enlisted in the Indian Army on 12th March, 1917. He served throughout
the interwar years, and saw action with the 7th (Bengal) Mountain Battery during
At the outbreak of the 1941-
The Khaisora Valley -
The spark that lit Waziristan alight in 1936 was the 'Islam Bibi Case'. It began
when a Hindu girl was abducted by a young Muslim school teacher in the NWFP. She
was later recovered, but the two had wed, and she had converted to Islam. The question
facing the Indian Government was, which community should she be returned to, Muslim
or Hindu? After some deliberation, it was eventually decided that as the girl was
only 15, she should live with a third neutral party until she could decide for herself
when she came of age. This inflamed many Muslims, who believed that the girl may
be forced to give up her recent conversion to Islam. One man in particular, Mizra
Ali Khan, better known as the Fakir of Ipi, took it upon himself to lead the charge
against an infidel Government that unjustly interfered in Islamic affairs. The Fakir
claimed to be the Champion of Islam and in possession of divine powers, and soon
set forth stirring up anti-
The Razmak Column (Razcol), was comprised of the 1st Northamptons, 1/9th Gurkha Rifles, 5/12 Frontier Force Regiment (QVO Guides), 6/13th Frontier Force Rifles (Scinde), eight platoons of Tochi Scouts, and the 22nd Mountain Brigade, RA, which included the 3rd Light Mountain Battery, and 4th (Hazara) and 7th (Bengal) Indian Mountain Batteries. The smaller Tochi Column (Tocol), was comprised of one squadron 5th KEO Probyn's Horse, 3/7th Rajputs, 1/17th Dogras, six platoons of Tochi Scouts, including two mounted, and no artillery. Razcol was to march roughly ten miles east from Damdil through the Khaisora Valley until it met Tocol at Bishe Kashkai. For its part, Tocol was to advance fifteen miles south west from Mir Ali through Hassu Khel, Imar de Kila and the Jaler Algad, until its rendezvous with Razcol.
In the early hours of 25th November, Razcol set out, and met with unexpected opposition
during the march. Nevertheless, after a long day of slow advance and regular piquets,
the rear guard of Razcol made it into Bishe Kashkai by 2115 with a loss of nine dead
To the North-
As Tocol continued on, even through dusk and night, it soon became apparent that they would not reach their assigned destination, so Brigadier Maynard decided to make camp, two miles short of the rendezvous point at Bishe Kashkai. Still separated, communication between the two columns had to be performed through tribal Khassadar runner. After Razcol had reached the rendezvous location, they sent the Khassadar 'George' to update Tocol on the situation. In order to carry out his objective, 'George' had to talk his way through Tori Khel 'lines', and for his effort he received Rs100 and a promotion to Havildar. The next morning, Razcol sent out the 7th (Bengal) Mountain Battery and some infantry to assist Tocol, but the latter made it back to Bishe Kashkai on its own.
Because of a shortage of rations, and the swelling of tribal opposition up to 2,000
strong, it was decided to pull both columns out of the Khaisora Valley for Mir Ali
on the 27th. Eighteen were wounded. In total for both columns over the three days,
between 19 and 29 were killed, and between 102 and 106 were wounded, depending on
the source. The heaviest casualties were suffered by the 3/7th Rajputs, with 7 dead
and 22 wounded, and the 6/13th FFR (Scinde), with 6 dead and 14 wounded. It was estimated
that 41 tribesmen were killed, and 32 seriously wounded. Waziristan would not really
settle down again during the inter-
The Night March over the Iblanke Mountain -
By M.F.Kemmis Betty (excerpt from Tales of the Mountain Gunners)
Waziristan had erupted, as in every few years throughout its stormy history. It was a big eruption too, as if the tribes had guessed that a World War was coming and there would not be many more chances of a smack at the Raj. The Fakir of Ipi was rampant and the young militants were coming from all directions to support him in a jehad; even the Afghans were joining in. His latest success was a well planned ambush near Damdil, in which the Gurkhas suffered heavy casualties.
We must have been given a jist of the plan, though I remember it was very secret and most unusual. The 'method' looked far from easy, if only the closeness of he contours on our maps, and we knew here could have been no reconnaissance. Now, still shuffling slowly forward, we began to climb. The way became very rough as well as steep; there was no signs of a path. The mules with the heavier loads were labouring, but there could be no off loading for a rest. We could not be sure of a long enough halt, and the order was KEEP CLOSED UP.
The Gurkhas assailants were reported to have withdrawn into the hills to the south, where the Fakir of Ipi was currently touring the Shaktu Valley, this being Bhitanni country. Too far off, therefore, for RAZCOL (the Brigade at Razmak), which anyway had problems of its own; so here was TOCOL (the Brigade from Bannu) with instructions to climb the two thousand feet to the Sham Plain, catch the Fakir and end the war. Rumour had it, afterwards, that the Brigadier was shocked to find what this feat involved, and said he never would have embarked on it had he known.
Now the moon was up, and we could see roughly where we were, evidently on the narrow spur named Iblanke on the map; not that we could do any map reading by moonlight, and another strict order had been NO LIGHTS. The spur went up and up, and was dominated by higher spurs on both sides, on which we could imagine a hundred pairs of eyes watching our progress. There may have been none, but we did hope we would be in a somewhat better position by the time dawn broke.
There were two mountain batteries: 7 (Bengal) commanded by the memorable 'Stret' (Captain N.R.Streatfield, M.C.) who was killed at Dunkirk, and 19 (Maymyo) under Jimmy Hills. I was serving in the latter and we had recently moved from Fort Sandeman to Rawalpindi and had been rather looking forward to a nice quiet life in cantonments. 7 (Bengal) it seemed, had won the toss for best place in the order of march and would obviously be first into action if we met opposition. But just now it was hard to see how even one gun could be used without holding up everything behind it.
Came the paling grey of first light and we were all, men and beasts, rather wilting
from our night-
Suddenly one or two shots, then quite a fusillade from the direction of the col, but muted as if from the far side of it. A pause, then more firing; none I think, in my direction. The Sikhs had rushed some enemy positions on the col, and presently the body of one of their Subedars, killed in the assault, came back on a stretcher. The Guards of the Indian Army, this battalion (2/11 Sikhs; the old 15th Ludhiana Sikhs) disliked all Pathans at the best of times; now their blood was up and they went in with battle cries.
In the event, perhaps with a good deal of luck, the timing was nearly perfect. We had achieved surprise, and to such effect that the enemy was convinced, even when our lead troops appeared, that they were only a gasht (patrol) of Scouts. So he held his ground and stood up for a fight, and duly took his punishment.
7 (Bengal) Mountain Battery, now in action in the neck of the col with gun intervals
of about five yards, was firing point blank into the thickly wooded slopes on the
far side. Battle conference on the col, or strictly speaking ten yards to the side
of it; I retain a vivid picture of Lieutenant-
Another battalion went through, in pursuit of the fleeing enemy, and 7 (Bengal) Mountain Battery limbered up and went with it. At last 19 (Maymyo) Mountain Battery was able to join in the fun, and dropped its trails in the position vacated by 7 (Bengal). GF TARGAT SHRAPNEL CHARGE FIVE...and the weary Gun Position Officer, namely myself, very nearly forgot to order the wretched fuze length.
We had 'won the day', and that afternoon Coronation Camp was established in the Sham Plain. It was 12th May 1937 and a signal went off submitting our humble duty to His Majesty King George VI (who had just been coronated).
Subadar Binda Singh
CJ Trevelyan Collection
Binda Singh joined the Indian Army on 20th March 1903, where he served
with the 128th Pioneers for most of his career. In 1911, the 128th along with 4 other
Indian Pioneer battalions were employed in preparing the grandstands, arena, and
camps for the great Delhi Durbar, and took part in the festivities as well. Binda
Singh, now a Lance-
Following the outbreak of the Great War, the 128th Pioneers embarked for
Egypt, arriving in November 1914. Along with several other Indian battalions, the
128th took an active part in repelling the Turkish assault on the Suez Canal in January
and February 1915, winning two IOMs in the process. With the canal secure, the 128th
Pioneers remained standing guard until December 1915, when it embarked for Mesopotamia.
While Havildar Binda Singh had arrived in Egypt with his battalion and took part
in defence of Suez, he was not to remain in the theatre for long. On March 31st 1915
he left Egypt, most probably due to illness, and would not re-
Following the fall of Kut on April 29th 1916, the Mesopotamian Front remained
largely inactive while both sides rested and re-
In early January 1917, Lt.Gen. Maude, the new commander of Mesopotamian Expeditionary
Force, launched his long awaited offensive to re-
In late February, the 128th Pioneers was tasked with a major role in the
crossing of the Tigris at the Shumran Bend. If successful, it would place a large
On 23rd February the crossing began, and while Ferry No.2 and No.3 ran into serious opposition, all three points managed to land men on the left bank and hold their position until a bridge could be built. The 128th lost 4 men killed and one British officer and 15 other ranks wounded during the crossing. One DSO, 4 MCs, 1 IOM, and 3 IDSMs were however won by the battalion, which gives some indication of the importance and difficulty of the operation. Subadar Sher Afzal, who was in change of the 128th's rowers, won both the IDSM and MC! While not mentioned, Havildar Binda Singh was awarded the Indian Meritorious Service Medal for his service in Mesopotamia, so it is very possible that it was for his role in the Sikh Company with Ferry No.3.
For the remainder of the Mesopotamian campaign until the end of the Great War, the 128th Pioneers was employed mostly on pioneer duties with the 14th Division. The armistice did not send the 128th back to India however. Instead, the battalion remained in Iraq before proceeding further north into Kurdistan.
During the summer of 1919, the Sikh and Pathan companies of the 128th were left at Sowara post near Kirkuk, while several columns marched in search of hostile Kurds. Surrounded by steep hills, Sowara was not expected to be the site of a serious action. Besides the 2 companies of the 128th in the camp and a lone gun of the 34th Mountain Battery, seven piquets held by the 8th Rajputs secured the high ground around the post.
In the early morning on 14 August, a large and determined Kurdish force
attacked Sowara, and managed to capture piquet no.3 at the entire hill upon which
it sat. In the ensuing fight, 2 platoons of the Sikh company 128th Pioneers and some
men of the 8th Rajputs were tasked with re-
Upon its return to India, the 128th spent one year in Meerut before proceeding
to Mandalay. While stationed there, the Prince of Wales visited the battalion in
1922, observing it on parade and conversing with its Indian officers during a game
of polo. It was also at this time that the 128th Pioneers was re-
In 1928, the four battalions of the Bombay Pioneers received orders to
be formed into a corps of only two battalions; re-
In 1932 further orders were received to permanently disband the all of
the Pioneer Corps. Officers and men had no choice but to face transfer, retirement,
Subadar Zaid Ullah Khan
Courtesy of a private collection
Upon the outbreak of the Great War, the 121st Pioneers did not proceed
abroad as so many other Pioneer regiments did. Instead, the Regiment, Zaid-
The 121st Pioneers arrived in Basra on 30th September, and immediately
proceeded up the Tigris to the Sannaiyat front to carry out much needed pioneer work.
Over the following year, the 121st Pioneers took part in the advance up the Tigris,
including the final breakthrough at Sannaiyat, the occupation of Baghdad, and the
occupation of Samarra. Although the 121st had engaged the Turks on several occasions,
the primary contribution of the Regiment was further arduous but necessary pioneering
duties such as trench digging, anti-
By late 1917, it was decided that the 7th Division, to which the 121st Pioneers was attached, should proceed to Palestine for the final breakthrough against the Turks. The 121st Pioneers therefore proceeded by foot, rail, and steamer back down to Basra, where they embarked for Suez on 29th December 1917. Arriving on the 15th January, the 121st Pioneers quickly proceeded north to Palestine, where for the next six months, they worked on road making, building entrenchments, and laying wire entanglements at the front. In addition to suffering some casualties during this period, the Regiment earned one Military Cross, one Indian Order of Merit 2nd Class, and one Indian Distinguished Service Medal.
In early June 1918, the 121st Pioneers sent its Pathan (mostly Yusafzais)
Company under Major Grieg and Lt..Borlase to Ludd. On 12th June 1918, it joined with
one company each from the 1/23rd, 2/23rd, and 2/32nd Sikh Pioneers to form the 2nd
Battalion, 155th Pioneers*. Zaid-
For General Allenby's September 1918 offensive, the 2/155th was attached to 'Watson's Force'; a temporary formation made up of the Worcester Yeomanry, 1/155th Pioneers and 2/155th Pioneers under the command of Col.G.B.Young 1/155th Pioneers. Sandwiched between the 10th Division on the left and the 53rd Division on the right, 'Watson's Force' was placed opposite to the strong Turkish defences along the Nablus road. The objective of Watson's Force was to hold the line, while the 10th and 53rd Divisions encircle the Turks from either side. On 19th September, Allenby launched his offensive, which rapidly broke through the Turkish line. The route was so complete, that within a few days, the role of the infantry was largely over, with the rapidly moving cavalry leaving those on foot far behind.
Thereafter, the role of the 2/155th Pioneers over the next year was primarily
one of railway construction in Palestine, Syria, and then Kurdistan. In early 1920,
after much good work, the 2/155th Pioneers was disbanded, which allowed Jemadar Zaid-
During the course of the war, the 121st Pioneers earned one Order of British India, one IOM 2nd Class (to an officer attached from the 107th Pioneers), 9 IDSMs, 49 IMSMs, and one Silver Serbian medal. Meanwhile, the 2/155th Pioneers earned one IDSM, and six IMSMs.
Upon his return to India, Jemadar Zaid-
In the sweeping post war re-
Instead of accepting de-
* The official title of the 2/155th Pioneers was actually the 2nd Battalion 155th Indian Infantry. However, given that it was formed exclusively from pioneer regiments and employed as pioneers throughout the war, it was often referred to as the 2/155th Pioneers in contemporary literature.
Subadar Gird Ali
106th Hazara Pioneers
Courtesy of a private collection
Gird Ali joined the Indian Army on 6th April 1893, and served with the
24th Regiment of Bombay Infantry. In April 1895, the Regiment embarked for Mombassa
in British East Africa to help quell tribal raiding on trade caravans. While there,
the Regiment performed as escorts, took part in flying columns, and manned outposts.
The 24th would remain in East Africa until July 1896, when it returned to Quetta.
For his service, Gird Ali was awarded the East and West Africa Medal with M'wele
Subadar Chatra Ram IDSM
Courtesy of the Samir Arora Collectiion
Chatra Ram enlisted in the Indian Army on 27th February 1899. He was commissioned Jemadar on 20th November 1912, and promoted Subedar on 1st May 1916. Subedar Chatra Ram most probably served with the 113th Infantry throughout his early career until transferred to the newly raised 2nd Battalion, 113th Infantry upon its formation in Bombay on 27th November 1916.
The 2/113th Infantry was to remain in India until early 1918, when it began preparations to depart for active service in Egypt. Unrest around Shiraz and the questionable loyalty of the South Persia Rifles however, necessitated immediate reinforcements to the Persian theatre. As a result, the 2/113th Infantry, along with the 48th Pioneers, 2 sections of an improvised Indian machine gun company, and No.169 Indian Field Ambulance, were diverted to the port of Bushire in late May 1918.
Over the course of the next three months, the newly reinforced garrison
of Bushire (which now consisted of one squadron of the 15th Lancers, the 35th Mountain
Battery less one section, 2 15-
On 25th September, before the offensive began, a proclamation was issued by the British stating that they were about to construct a railway to Dalaki with the permission of the Persian Government, and that they would not interfere with peaceful inhabitants, although 'they would deal severely with any attempt at opposition.' Despite this warning, hostile forces amounting to around 600 armed men immediately began to entrench in front of the village of Chaghadak.
On the morning of 29th September, a small column under Major J.S.Corlett (15th Lancers) and composed of the squadron of the 15th Lancers, the two field guns, the 2/113th Infantry and a machine gun section, set out to dislodge this force. The cavalry soon encountered the enemy in a trench and several palm groves outside Chaghadak at 6:15 am. The 2/113th then moved up for an assault, but as soon as they began to deploy, the enemy turned and fled, leaving nearly 30,000 rounds of ammunition, several animals and various other supplies. As such, Chaghadak was occupied at 8:30 am with the loss of only three killed and two wounded. The enemy suffered an estimated thirty casualties. The village of Ali Changi was also occupied.
As a result of the quick victory at Chaghadak, Khan Ghazanfar and Shaikh Hussain and their followers quickly fled to surrounding hills. Zair Khidar sent a note apologizing for taking up arms, and also expressed a desire for negotiations. Despite this, his followers fired heavily on the British camp at Ali Changi on the night of October 6th/7th, wounding two men, and then attacked a company of the 2/113th Infantry who were reconnoitering in broken ground, causing nine casualties. As a result of these actions, operations had to be continued, though the 2/113th Infantry was to remain behind on Lines of Communication duties, with one Company posted at Chaghadak, another at Khushab and the HQ and the remaining two Companies at Ahmadi.
Soon further reinforcements arrived at Bushire from India, and operations
continued on for the next few months. Daleki was occupied on 27th October, Kazerun
on 25th January, and the 16th Rajputs from Shiraz occupied Miyan Kutal on 27th January.
Communication between the two converging forces was then established the next day,
At some point during these operations around Bushire, Subedar Chatra Ram of the 2/113th Infantry was awarded the Indian Distinguished Service Medal, possibly for the encounter at Chaghadak on 27th September, or the attack on a company of the 2/113th Infantry on 7th October. Either way, it was a scarce award for an act of bravery, and the only IDSM awarded to the Regiment during its time in Persia.
Subedar Chatra Ram and his Regiment returned to India in 1919, only to
be sent to the North-
In addition to his Indian Distinguished Service Medal and 1908 Indian General Service Medal with the Afghanistan N.W.F. 1919 clasp, Subedar Chatra Ram was also entitled to the British War Medal and Victory Medal. The whereabouts of his IDSM, BWM, and Victory Medal, if they still exist, are unknown.
Jemadar Shah Wali Khan
20th Field Coy, 3rd Sappers & Miners
CJ Trevelyan Collection
Shah Wali Khan joined the Indian Army on 25th August 1896. In less than
a year's time, while still a green recruit, he was sent to the North West Frontier
of India with the 3rd Company, Bombay S&M, to help deal the uprising that had begun
there. In August 1897, the 3rd Coy. was attached to the 'Malakand Field Force' under
the command of Major-
For the next twelve years, Shah Wali Khan worked his way up the ranks, although he did not take part in any significant military operations. On 1st May 1913, he received the Viceroy's commission, being promoted Jemadar. Just over a year later, and serving with the 20th Field Coy. (Bombay) Sappers & Miners, Jemadar Shah Wali Khan would embark for an entirely new and unexpected theatre of war; France.
Within the opening weeks of the Great War, Indian Expeditionary Force 'A'
was hastily organized in preparation for overseas service. As part of this force
, the 20th and 21st Companies (Bombay) S&M were to be the divisional Sappers & Miners
of the 3rd Lahore Division, which was one of the two Indian Infantry Divisions chosen
for IEF'A'. On the 17th August 1914 the 20th Field Coy. embarked on the S.S.Taiybeh,
which was at the time in such poor condition, that she had previously been condemned
as "unfit" to take pilgrims to Mecca. Jemadar Shah Wali Khan was one of only 3 Indian
Officers with the Company. Despite floodings and a mechanical break-
The attack of four companies -
Lt F.P.Nosworthy R.E., who was with the 20th Company, gives another account in The Indian Sappers & Miners of the 28th October attack on Neuve Chapelle:
When dawn broke on October 28th, the 20th Company had finished a trench along their sector, and meanwhile the gap between them and the 21st Company had been filled by two companies of the 47th Sikhs. Paris (Captain A.L.Paris, C.O. of the 20th Coy.) told them later that the artillery would put down a short concentration of fire, after which they were to attack as infantry in conjunction with the Bhopals on their right and the 47th Sikhs and 21st Company on their left, but without supports or reserves as they were already so widely extended.
I was in command of No.2 Section...and we began to move forward about 11
a.m. The ground between us and the village was dead flat plough, devoid of cover,
but the advance continued with parade-
My section came under heavy fire from the right, and we swung right and
charged a German trench with the bayonet. Meanwhile the Bhopals were heavily engaged
on our right rear. After entering Neuve Chapelle there was bitter street fighting.
Havildar Muhammad Khan rushed up to me, trying to speak, but he could not do so as
he had been shot through the throat and was bleeding profusely. I persuaded him to
go back, but his wound proved mortal and so I lost a particular friend. Then Hayes-
We were now completely isolated and were too weak to send out patrols as
only Subadar Ganpat Mahadeo and 13 Sappers remained. About 4 p.m., however, I decided
to attempt to find out what had happened and reconnoitered alone down the main street.
At he outskirts of the village I met Major Jamieson who was surprised to hear that
we were in the middle of the place and advised a withdrawal. This was accomplished
successfully, taking with us as many wounded as we could. On the way we came across
Jemadar Shah Wali Khan survived the 28th of October. Remaining at the
front, the 20th Coy, 3rd S&M continued to be shelled by the Germans from time to
time, largely without effect. On the night of 4th-
Survey of India
Article & Photo from "The Piffer" May 1962 Vol.V No.4
By the retirement of Khan Bahadur Sher Jang on 15th June 1925, the Survey Department lost a most distinguished officer of the Upper Subordinate Service, who had been employed almost continuously during his service of over 30 years in the Department either on or beyond the Frontiers on India.
Sher Jang enlisted in Coke's Rifles in 1887. After taking part in the 1st
and 2nd Miranzai Expeditions of 1890-
When the Great War broke out in 1914, Khan Bahadur Sher Jang was engaged
on survey work with this Commission in the neighbourhood of Urumieh. He brought the
survey personal back through Persia by way of Mianeh, Tehran, Qum, Isfahan and Sheraz
to Bushire. After a short period of service in India, Sher Jang returned to Persia,
and in 1916-
At this time, the tribes of Central Kurdistan were in an appalling condition
of destitution as the result of the war, and their chieftains were seeking the protection
of the British. In the north, Sayyid Taha, who was in a position to control the tribes
under British administration, had been invited to meet the Political Officer, but
being influenced by Turkish propaganda, had so far remained aloof. Khan Bahadur Sher
Jang received orders to go to Urumieh and to negotiate with Sayyid Taha. He left
Rowanduz with four Indian Khalasis on 9th March 1919, forced a way over the snow
During this rebellion, Sher Jang served as a political officer in the Sulaimani
area. In 1920-
The Khan Bahadur was promoted to the Upper Subordinate Service on 1st August
1909. He is in possession of 12 war medals and decorations with 8 clasps; he has
been awarded honoraria for his service on several occasions, and has received an
assignment of land revenue from the Government of India. In 1902 the Royal Geographical
Society awarded him a Sword of Honour (the Black Memorial) in recognition of his
valuable services to geography, and in 1916 he was awarded the Kaisar-
Khan Bahadur Sher Jang's unfailing tact and courtesy endeared him to all with who he came into contact, and it was largely these qualities in conjunction with his energy and resource in hazardous situations which rendered his work so successful and his services so valuable, politically and professionally, in the turbulent countries where so much of his life was passed.
There was also another fine side of Sher Jang's character which was only
realised by those who knew him well, namely for his compassion for the weak. When
he was on sick leave at the end of 1918, the virulent epidemic of influenza was ravaging
the homes in his country. Sher Jang devoted his three months' hard-
It is not easy to summarize such varied services in a brief note of appreciation. Sher Jang succeeded in winning the admiration and affection of all officers with whom he served, both in the Survey of India and outside it, and he carried with him the best wishes of all ranks of the Department on his retirement.
|Medals For Sale|
|On Field Service|
|Regiments & Corps|
|Uniforms & Equipment|
|Officers & Other Ranks|
|British Army in India|
|Photographs - IEF A|
|Photographs - IEF A Postcards|
|Photographs - IEF D|
|Photographs - Mohmand Blockade 1916-17|
|Photographs - Waziristan 1917|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahratta Light Infantry 1918-19|
|Photographs - Battle of Shaiba 1915|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahrattas - Capt.Mendes|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahrattas - 1/9th Middlesex Regt.|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahrattas - OTC Bangalore|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahrattas - Officers & Men|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahrattas - NW Frontier|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahrattas - Armoured Cars|
|Photographs - 103rd Mahrattas - In India|
|Photographs - Regimental Groups|
|Photographs - Indian Cavalry|
|Photographs - Major A.C.Lovett|
|Photographs - King's Indian Orderly Officers 1939|
|Photographs - 1/6 Rajputana Rifles 1939|
|Photographs - Documents & Papers|
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|Indian Mountain Artillery|
|3/23rd Sikh Infantry|
|57th Rifles in East Africa|
|122nd Rajputana Infantry|
|2/151st Sikh Infantry F.F.|
|1/11th Gurkha Rifles|
|Road to Basra 1914|
|Lt.General Sir Percy Lake|
|Frontier Warfare 1914-1939|
|Arms Trade N.W.Frontier of India 1890-1914|